History

Videos from the 2016 Speakers’ Series

Video: Tonya Shevenell’s The Home Road

Tonya_ShevenellWalk from srctv on Vimeo.

Video: Noah Binette’s The Saga of Malaga

Shevenell Talks Immigrant History at Shaker Museum

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Maine filmmaker Tonya Shevenell kept an audience rapt in her family history tale on Sunday at Alfred Shaker Museum and described the documentary she is making of it. Titled The Home Road, she filmed her father’s 200-mile walk last year in their ancestor’s footsteps when he migrated from Compton in the Eastern townships of Quebec to Biddeford in coastal Maine in 1845. He was 19 when he made the trek. While the film is not quite finished, she said she aims to complete it by the end of the year and screen it starting in February.

Her paternal line of Shevenells had arrived in Quebec in the 1750s, in time to see the transfer of authorities from the French to the British. Her hardy ancestor was Israel Shevenell, her great great great grandfather who became the first French-Canadian to settle permanently in Biddeford. He became a brick maker, entrepreneur, and business man. He returned to Canada to marry and together they had a large French-Canadian family of 16 children, Shevenell said, but she could find records of only ten. He also persuaded his parents and siblings to follow him to Maine. One wing of the family eventually moved to Eliot. After what she called a “robust life, Israel died in 1912 at the age of 86.

Her decision to take on the history and perhaps repeat her ancestor’s trip on foot from Quebec originated, she said, in a conversation with a stranger on a bus trip to Portland. The idea grew as she discussed it with her Dad, Ray Shevenell, a former college track star who, years earlier, had won a four-year track scholarship to Georgetown University. But after arriving at the school, he never unpacked, she said. He was too homesick and returned to Maine. Now, he wanted to “connect” somehow with the forebear whose life story they had been researching together.

They planned The Home Road over months and two visits to Quebec to check the lay of the land and the route he might take, which wasn’t completely clear from the record, but wound through the White Mountains then into Western Maine.

On Sunday, she talked about both the recorded history of their family and the multiple changes that affected all people in that time period as it birthed the Industrial Revolution and railroads altered people’s senses of time and space. As for the film, she described the bad weather, including freezing rain, and blisters her father encountered last year on his 13-day hike. At the customs station at the Canadian border, officials thought her Dad was a hitchhiker… until she explained what they were doing. The path was mostly through New Hampshire and then through Maine along the Saco River to Biddeford, which was, she said, “the busiest place he’d ever seen.” En route, her father did encounter some bears in an “unlikely setting”; he saw three of them cross the road in North Conway, New Hampshire. While her camera did not capture that moment, she found someone whose camera did.

One morning, her Dad took off before she discovered that he had her car keys and she had to “hoof it” in pursuit, chasing him down the “home road.” She laughed when she told that story.

Shevenell also talked about the incredible changes in communications and transportation in the 1900s — the growth of railroads, invention of the telegraph and telephone, and so many other modern creations and how they affected the people of the world. That is, how work moved from outdoor spaces (agricultural) to indoor spaces (manufacturing), from individual work to mass employment, and so forth.

“What connects us to our past, connects us to our future,” she concluded.

Her talk was the second event of four in the Sid Emery Memorial Forum, now in its second year. The talks are presented by the Alfred Shaker Museum and the Sanford-Springvale Historical Society.

The next speaker will describe the work of an early stonecutter in Southern Maine. The speaker is Ron Romano whose book, Early Gravestones in Southern Maine: The Genius of Bartlett Adams, is being published this summer. He will make the presentation on Oct. 16 at 1:30 p.m. at the Shaker Museum in Alfred. The events are free to the public, though donations are gratefully accepted.

A week later, Adam Nudd-Homeyer will discuss his work melding history with wood and metalworking skills. He has agreed to produce replicas of a Shaker chair produced originally at Alfred for sale to the public by Chilton House. The museum will display a sample.

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Video: Noah Binette’s The Saga of Malaga

Thanks to Saco River Community Television for recording the first session in our Speakers’ Series, Noah Binette’s The Saga of Malaga.

Speakers’ Series: Filmmaker Tonya Shevenell on August 21

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Honored Young Historian Tells Story of Malaga Island Injustice

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Noah Binette discusses his research on the story of poor people evicted from homes on Malaga Island in 1911. The event, which opened this season’s Sid Emery Memorial Forum, was held at Alfred Shaker Museum on Sunday, May 22.

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Attendees examine Binette’s prize-winning exhibit to learn details about the island people who lost their homes when Maine uprooted them.

York County student Noah Binette explained his study of an early 20th-century tragedy, involving about 40 poor but contented residents of the mid-coast Malaga Island near Phippsburg, for an audience of two dozen at Alfred Shaker Museum on Sunday, 5/22. His work on the project gained state and national prizes in highly competitive National History Day contests. Binette, who will be a senior at Noble High School in the fall, did the work in 2014 to address the contest theme “Rights and Responsibilities.”

His talk was the first in this season’s Sid Emery Memorial Forum, which is sponsored by the Shaker Museum and the Sanford-Springvale Historical Society. The talk was well received by his audience, whose members asked many questions. The event was free and open to the public. Treats were served after Binette’s talk; the talk was filmed by Patrick Bonsant of the Saco River public access TV station for wider dissemination.

In his presentation, Binette first described the competitions that led to his awards, and then told the story of Malaga Islanders using the title, “The Town That Maine Erased.”

It is not known how long people had lived on the island, but Binette said the inhabitants — black, white, and multi-racial — had been there for at least 100 years. They drew their livelihoods from the sea as fishermen, and on the nearby mainland as laborers in private homes and tourist spots. Early in the 20th century, the island had a schoolhouse where even some mainland children received schooling. Nevertheless, the people were evicted, their homes burned, and their cemetery moved elsewhere in what Binette, in his summary for the contest, called a “gross injustice perpetrated in 1911.”

In developing his Malaga report, Binette cited recurring threads embedded in the chain of events, such as journalistic pressure, widespread interest in eugenics (which linked physical qualities to mental and moral status), and public concern about the island as a financial burden (neither nearby town wanted responsibility for the island and its residents). Some mainland residents saw it as compromising tourism, and believed that a hotel might be built there after the island’s residents left.

Binette argued that the State of Maine, under Governor Frederick W. Plaisted, violated the inhabitants’ rights. The events “broke the state’s responsibility to protect and serve its citizens.” In 2010, then-Governor John Baldacci formally apologized to the evictees’ descendants. Some of their earlier family members had been institutionalized for the rest of their lives as mentally deficient, due to inappropriate and biased evaluations. Seventeen gravesites on the island had been disturbed and the remains removed to mainland sites. Binette and others contend that those remains should be returned to Malaga for reburial there.

For long years, though, descendants mostly wanted to forget the story, unwilling to have the stigma become their own burden before the public. During the last few years, however, changing views have brought the story more into public sight. The Maine State Historical Society, for one, presented an exhibit, “Fragmented Lives”, about what happened there. The exhibit drew much attention.

The second speaker in the Alfred Shaker Museum’s Speakers Series will be Tonya Shevenell, who filmed a replication of her immigrant ancestor’s walk in 1845 from Canada to resettlement in Biddeford, where he was the first permanent French-Canadian resident. Her presentation will take place on August 21. For further information about this and other talks in the series, check the Museum web site at www.alfredshakermuseum.com/events-workshops/speakers-series/.

Speakers’ Series Inaugural Session May 22

Alfred Shaker Museum and the Sanford-Springvale Historical Society will offer a second year of the Sid Emery Memorial Forum this coming season. It will again be a four-event program that focuses on both Maine history and culture.

The series will begin on May 22 at 1:30 p.m. at Alfred Shaker Museum. The event is free to the public, though donations will be gratefully accepted.

On Sunday, May 22, Noble High School student Noah Binette will describe his research on the tragic story of the evictions of 40 legal residents of Malaga Island, off the Maine coast, in 1912. The victims were a poor ethnic community who had little ability to fight for themselves. Some were sent to mental institutions and even the island cemetery was removed. Binette, who will be a high school senior in the fall, has won state and national awards for his account of their story.

2016 Speakers’ Series Announced

Shaker Museum, Sanford-Springvale Historical Society to Offer New Speakers’ Series

ALFRED – Alfred Shaker Museum and the Sanford-Springvale Historical Society will offer a second year of the Sid Emery Memorial Forum this coming season. It will again be a four-event program that focuses on both Maine history and culture.

The series will begin on May 22. Each event will be held at 1:30 p.m. on a Sunday afternoon at Alfred Shaker Museum and is free to the public though donations will be gratefully accepted. The speakers and their dates are as follows:

May 22: Noble High School student Noah Binette will describe his research on the tragic story of the evictions of 40 legal residents of Malaga Island, off the Maine coast, in 1912. The victims were a poor ethnic community who had little ability to fight for themselves. Some were sent to mental institutions and even the island cemetery was removed. Binette, who will be a high school senior in the fall, has won state and national awards for his account of their story.

Aug. 21: Filmmaker Tonya Shevenell takes up migration issues in The Home Road, her film of her father’s trek for nearly 200 miles from Canada to Biddeford where his father became the first French Canadian immigrant to settle permanently in that Maine community. At age 19, Israel Shevenell made the trip in 1845. The film captures the grit, commitment and persistence of emigrants and immigrants as they made their bid for a better life. It is a timely subject, given the migration struggles that beset the world today.

Oct. 16: Speaker Ron Romano is fascinated by cemeteries and by the life of Bartlett Adams, one of the earliest stonecutters in Portland whose work graces cemeteries all over southern Maine. Romano is a board member of Spirits Alive, the Friends of Portland’s Historic Eastern Cemetery. He guides the interested through summer cemetery tours and his work shows Adams’ products in 133 southern Maine burial grounds. Romano has lectured around the country on this history and his book, Early Gravestones in Southern Maine: The Genius of Bartlett Adams, is to be published in summer 2016.

Oct. 23: Adam Nudd-Homeyer will discuss his craftsmanship, which marries history, woodworking, and metal work. A 7th-generation craftsman at Tappan Chairs in Sandwich, N.H., and an experienced educator, he works with both early historical tools and techniques and modern methods and materials as needed. Under a pact with Maine’s Shakers and Chilton furniture company, his prototype of a Shaker chair originally produced in Alfred’s Shaker village has been selected for reproduction and will be sold to the public by Chilton.

The Speakers’ Series, introduced last year, is named for Sid Emery, a longtime member of both sponsoring organizations who lived in Springvale, had strong ties to Alfred, and died in 2015 at the age of 101.

The sponsors hope to videotape the speakers’ presentations, as was done last year, to build archives for future programming. Last year, both Saco River TV, a public access station, and the Sanford High School video club videotaped the programs, which are available on Alfred Shaker Museum’s web site at http://www.alfredshakermuseum.com/events-workshops/speakers-series/.

The Shaker Museum formally opens for the season on Saturday, May 14, unveiling a new exhibit on Shaker inventions and awarding top prize in its student essay contest to East Waterboro student Sarah Bouley. She will read her essay, titled “The Causes of Decline of the Shakers in Alfred,” at the ceremony, which is open to the public. Sarah is a seventh grader at Massabesic Middle School and is the daughter of James and Char Bouley of East Waterboro.

As in past years, the museum will be open to visitors on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons from 1 to 4 pm this summer season, coinciding with hours of the town’s museum in the village center. For more programming information, see the museum’s web site at www.alfredshakermuseum.org.

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Historian George Neptune Speaks on October 25

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Shaker Museum Curator Linda Aaskov, right, introduces George Neptune to his audience on Sunday at the museum. Neptune, a Native-American historian and basket-maker, was the last of four speakers in the Sid Emery Memorial Forum. The Speakers’ Forum was held this summer by the museum’s Friends organization and the Sanford-Springvale Historical Society. Neptune’s artistic basketry is displayed on the table before them. Videos of two of the earlier lectures in the series are posted here as well. Patrick Bonsant of Saco River TV filmed Neptune’s talk on Sunday, and it will be posted when ready.

Video: Author Richard Judd’s Presentation

Richard W. Judd speaking at the Shaker Hill Museum in Alfred, Maine, Sunday, October 4, 2015. from srctv on Vimeo.

Judd Tells History and Development of New Maine Atlas

After his talk, Dr. Richard W. Judd, left, talks with local historian Bruce Tucker of Alfred.

After his talk, Dr. Richard W. Judd, left, talks with local historian Bruce Tucker of Alfred.

Dr. Richard W. Judd gave a free-flowing account Sunday, Oct 4, at Alfred Shaker Museum of the how and why behind the production of a Historical Atlas of Maine. He and geographer Stephen J. Hornsby are the co-editors of the lavish volume that came out late last year from the University of Maine Press and sold out in weeks. A second printing is now available.

His talk is the third of four in a series sponsored by the museum’s Friends organization and the Sanford-Springvale Historical Society. The series, titled the Sid Emery Memorial Forum, is named in memory of a member of both organizations who died last spring.

Dr. Judd is a professor at the University of Maine who teaches Maine and New England history, as well as environmental and labor history. He made use of all of his expertise in working on the book.

For context, he explained that he arrived in Maine in 1984 and taught courses on the state’s history for some years without a textbook. There was none. A couple of simple substitutes were used, including a compilation of important Maine documents, but they were not the needed textbook. He eventually collaborated with two others and produced The Pine Tree State: From Prehistory to the Present. Soon Amy Hassinger did a book for middle- and high school students, called Finding Katahdin, which met state requirements for those grades. Then the Folklife Center at the University of Maine delivered oral histories in the wake of Stewart Hall Holbrook’s Yankee Loggers: A Recollection of Woodsmen, Cooks and River Drivers, and the Maine Memory Network was developed with old photos of many Maine people, sites, and events. The American and New England Studies department was organized at the University of Southern Maine, but has since been discontinued.

All of these projects constituted a kind of “renaissance in Maine history,” Judd said. As the new millennium started, he was confident “that Maine (despite its comparatively small population) was better documented than almost any other state.”

The new atlas was the brainchild of Burton Hatlen, a dean of the university’s College of Arts and Sciences, he said, and Hatlen drew together a steering committee for the project. “We had no idea what we were doing,” Judd said. “We were dreaming.” The committee members had no real familiarity with an atlas.

But their ideas gradually developed, and they worked with cartographers to produce maps with short text blocks and overlaid the maps with information produced by new technologies, such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) material. The editors included colored art works and old photographs in the book too. They included bird’s-eye view maps as well, which Judd favored.

The short text explanations (about 500 words) were a new approach for Judd who, as a historian, favored narrative, but he came to see the power of keeping the narratives short, “letting the readers go into the maps and imagine the history” documented in them. For instance, readers could see the way port cities were planned: docks near the water, then warehouses, then a financial district, then the governmental and commercial sectors. It was a one-shaped pattern of development followed in most seaside urban areas, he said. Judd presented a slide show of “plates” from the book, illustrating his points.

In the question-and-answer session that followed, a woman in the audience said that she worked for Sen. Angus King and appreciated Judd’s presentation. About 35 people attended the event.

The next speaker, on Oct. 25, will be Native American historian and artist George Neptune whose work will be included in the Portland Museum of Art’s new Biennial exhibition opening on Oct. 8. His artistic specialty is basket-making, which he learned from his grandmother. Neptune graduated from Dartmouth a few years ago and works at the Abbe Museum in Bar Harbor. His talk will begin at 1:30 and is free to the public.

The series began with James Harmon, director of the Sanford International Film Festival and Sanford high school film teacher, and Anita Sanchez, a botanist who also writes and is the author of Mr. Lincoln’s Chair, a Shaker Civil War story. The series has been funded by the Maine Humanities Council, the Kennebunk Savings Bank Foundation, the Alfred Historical Society and two local donors. A video of the Sanchez talk in this 150th anniversary of the Civil War is now posted at the museum’s web site at www.alfredshakermuseum.org, a product of Harmon’s student film club. Unfortunately, an unusual technology glitch thwarted the film-making of the first event in the series. The Judd talk was filmed by Patrick Bonsant, the director of Saco River TV.

Museum Hours:

Museum Hours: 1 PM - 4 PM on Wednesdays and Saturdays, and by appointment.

Closing for the season on November 15.

Admission: Free. Donations are gratefully accepted.

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